The term “sports” is defined as an activity in which people compete with each other through physical contests. Different cultures have different definitions for what constitutes a sport. But a useful definition is one that focuses on the relationship between sport and play. Play is a form of play, with its own objectives and aims, whereas sports require human participation.
Since the late 19th century, sports have been used to construct national identity. Both established and outsider groups have used sports as means of representing their national identity. It is important to understand that sports socialization can be positive or negative, depending on the socializing agent and the context. For example, sports can inculcate the desire to win at all costs.
In the 20th century, sports have also become a major part of commercial culture. Transnational corporations have begun marketing sports worldwide, and this is an important aspect of the development of the sport industry. Sports are not just a source of pleasure for fans, but they have become an important symbol of power, prestige, and distinction.
The history of sports begins in the late 17th century in England. A few years later, during the Restoration, the concept of a sports record emerged. Puritans had condemned many traditional pastimes, driving them underground. However, the Marylebone Cricket Club, founded in 1787, was instrumental in the development of organized games and the concept of sports records.